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The vision of Creating an Ethanol Economy

The Union government of India has announced a target of blending 20% ethanol in petrol by 2025 to increase the country’s energy security and reduce its oil import bill. This is a step towards reducing dependence on foreign oil, which accounts for about 85 percent of India’s fuel demand. It will also help the country meet its climate targets.

Ethanol is produced from sugarcane. It has a low carbon footprint and oxygen content, which helps engines burn fuel more thoroughly. In addition to lowering pollution, ethanol has the potential to provide more significant investment opportunities and self-reliance.

As part of the government’s plan, a new policy has been introduced that will allow India to export biofuels in some instances. This will also allow more feedstock for ethanol production and help cut the country’s dependence on foreign oil.

India will also introduce a phased roll-out of 20% ethanol blended auto fuel beginning April 2023. According to the roadmap, 22,000 alternative fuel stations will be set up by May 2024. All vehicles manufactured after April 2023 must be E20-compliant.

To make the roll-out a success, the government is asking car manufacturers to ensure that their engines are compatible with the new fuel. Depending on the model, several different fuel system components can be modified to tolerate the E20 blend. These changes can be made without changing the engine or assembly lines. Moreover, tax benefits are also available to vehicles that comply with a higher ethanol blend.

A committee has been appointed to examine the feasibility of the project. It has been suggested that cars and trucks can be modified to run on the new blend. However, it has been noted that the process can be expensive, as many of the components required for ethanol blending take a lot of work to come by.

Several industries, including automotive, have supported the government’s vision of creating an ethanol economy. For example, the Ministry of Heavy Industries has launched a Master Class on ethanol usage. And the Automotive Component Manufacturers Association of India held the Auto Expo 2023 in Noida, Uttar Pradesh.

India faces several challenges with its goal of blending 20% ethanol in petrol. One of the main problems is the amount of land required for ethanol production. To increase ethanol production, about ten percent of the net sown area must be diverted to ethanol. That means about 60 lakh tonnes of extra sugar must be diverted from the crop. As a result, other crops may be stressed, and food prices increase.

The government has also aimed to promote the FFV (Flex Fuel Vehicle) industry. FFVs are vehicles that can run on 100% petrol or E10 – a blend of petrol and ethanol. TVS Motors has already started work on such vehicles and is expected to begin the launch of FFVs within six to twelve months.

The Elite Daily

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